Rannamõisa residential buildings
Location: Tallinn, Estonia
Client: Hea 5 AS
Invited architecture competition: 2005, 1st prize
Size: 13,000 m2
As with Tallinn's other suburbs, the development of the Rannamõisa area is more dependent on the growth of the capital, compared to the city centre that moves at a more even pace. The sustainability of suburbs depends largely on two factors – population concentration, and the availability of essential services in the area. Based simply on demand, the first produces the second, which is why many sprawling cities have dormitory suburbs, which will never actually function as a city or living environment.
Over time, an increasing amount of shops and services have appeared in the Rannamõisa area; and together with Kakumäe, they can meet the needs of the new property developments, thereby creating the prerequisite for further growth. This growth cannot be achieved by private houses alone, which is why one of the critical prerequisites is the creation of denser residential units.
Unlike larger European cities, people do not move away from the city centre only because of cheaper housing costs, but because of an opportunity to live in an environment that offers more space around the home, and a more capacious home. KOKO's solution to these conflicting requirements is low, three-storey apartment buildings. From the lower floors, it is possible to walk straight onto the lawn, and all of the apartments and rooms have an equal view of the surrounding area. The small number of apartments and neighbours that you know by name, create an environment where the inhabitants feel safe enough to let their children play at the playground behind the building; and on summer evenings, when the dark brown timber facade of the house warms up, it is possible to spend time on a balcony or veranda, and enjoy the breeze that is much fresher than that in the city centre.